Refresh session is waiting for enq: JI - contention

Symptoms:

Refresh session is waiting for enq: JI - contention.

10046 trace of the waiting refresh session shows repeating messages like the following:

WAIT #4: nam='enq: JI - contention' ela= 2929739 name|mode=1246298118 view object #=3893654 0=0 obj#=3012275 tim=30332620425505

Reason:

JI enqueue is acquired in exclusive mode on the mview base (container) table when more than one session refresh the same materialzed view. It ensures that two or more refresh processes do not try to refresh the same object.


Solution:

First we have to check which session hold the lock (LMODE) and which process requests the lock(REQUEST). We can easily check it from v$lock.

 

LMODE and REQUEST Column description from v$lock.

LMODE

NUMBER

Lock mode in which the session holds the lock:

  • 0 - none
  • 1 - null (NULL)
  • 2 - row-S (SS)
  • 3 - row-X (SX)
  • 4 - share (S)
  • 5 - S/Row-X (SSX)
  • 6 - exclusive (X)

 

REQUEST

NUMBER

Lock mode in which the process requests the lock:

  • 0 - none
  • 1 - null (NULL)
  • 2 - row-S (SS)
  • 3 - row-X (SX)
  • 4 - share (S)
  • 5 - S/Row-X (SSX)
  • 6 - exclusive (X)

 

select

nvl(S.USERNAME,'Internal') username,S.MACHINE,s.SERIAL#,

        L.SID,

        nvl(S.TERMINAL,'None') terminal,

        decode(command,

0,'None',decode(l.id2,0,U1.NAME||'.'||substr(T1.NAME,1,20),'None')) tab,

decode(command,

0,'BACKGROUND',

1,'Create Table',

2,'INSERT',

3,'SELECT',

4,'CREATE CLUSTER',

5,'ALTER CLUSTER',

6,'UPDATE',

7,'DELETE',

8,'DROP',

9,'CREATE INDEX',

10,'DROP INDEX',

11,'ALTER INDEX',

12,'DROP TABLE',

13,'CREATE SEQUENCE',

14,'ALTER SEQUENCE',

15,'ALTER TABLE',

16,'DROP SEQUENCE',

17,'GRANT',

18,'REVOKE',

19,'CREATE SYNONYM',

20,'DROP SYNONYM',

21,'CREATE VIEW',

22,'DROP VIEW',

23,'VALIDATE INDEX',

24,'CREATE PROCEDURE',

25,'ALTER PROCEDURE',

26,'LOCK TABLE',

27,'NO OPERATION',

28,'RENAME',

29,'COMMENT',

30,'AUDIT',

31,'NOAUDIT',

32,'CREATE EXTERNAL DATABASE',

33,'DROP EXTERNAL DATABASE',

34,'CREATE DATABASE',

35,'ALTER DATABASE',

36,'CREATE ROLLBACK SEGMENT',

37,'ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT',

38,'DROP ROLLBACK SEGMENT',

39,'CREATE TABLESPACE',

40,'ALTER TABLESPACE',

41,'DROP TABLESPACE',

42,'ALTER SESSION',

43,'ALTER USER',

44,'COMMIT',

45,'ROLLBACK',

46,'SAVEPOINT',

47,'PL/SQL EXECUTE',

48,'SET TRANSACTION',

49,'ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOG',

50,'EXPLAIN',

51,'CREATE USER',

52,'CREATE ROLE',

53,'DROP USER',

54,'DROP ROLE',

55,'SET ROLE',

56,'CREATE SCHEMA',

57,'CREATE CONTROL FILE',

58,'ALTER TRACING',

59,'CREATE TRIGGER',

60,'ALTER TRIGGER',

61,'DROP TRIGGER',

62,'ANALYZE TABLE',

63,'ANALYZE INDEX',

64,'ANALYZE CLUSTER',

65,'CREATE PROFILE',

66,'DROP PROFILE',

67,'ALTER PROFILE',

68,'DROP PROCEDURE',

69,'DROP PROCEDURE',

70,'ALTER RESOURCE COST',

71,'CREATE SNAPSHOT LOG',

72,'ALTER SNAPSHOT LOG',

73,'DROP SNAPSHOT LOG',

74,'CREATE SNAPSHOT',

75,'ALTER SNAPSHOT',

76,'DROP SNAPSHOT',

79,'ALTER ROLE',

85,'TRUNCATE TABLE',

86,'TRUNCATE CLUSTER',

87,'-',

88,'ALTER VIEW',

89,'-',

90,'-',

91,'CREATE FUNCTION',

92,'ALTER FUNCTION',

93,'DROP FUNCTION',

94,'CREATE PACKAGE',

95,'ALTER PACKAGE',

96,'DROP PACKAGE',

97,'CREATE PACKAGE BODY',

98,'ALTER PACKAGE BODY',

99,'DROP PACKAGE BODY',

command||' - ???') COMMAND,

        decode(L.LMODE,1,'No Lock',

                2,'Row Share',

                3,'Row Exclusive',

                4,'Share',

                5,'Share Row Exclusive',

                6,'Exclusive','NONE') lmode,

        decode(L.REQUEST,1,'No Lock',

                2,'Row Share',

                3,'Row Exclusive',

                4,'Share',

                5,'Share Row Exclusive',

                6,'Exclusive','NONE') request,

l.id1||'-'||l.id2 Laddr,

l.type||' - '||

decode(l.type,

'BL','Buffer hash table instance lock',

'CF',' Control file schema global enqueue lock',

'CI','Cross-instance function invocation instance lock',

'CS','Control file schema global enqueue lock',

'CU','Cursor bind lock',

'DF','Data file instance lock',

'DL','Direct loader parallel index create',

'DM','Mount/startup db primary/secondary instance lock',

'DR','Distributed recovery process lock',

'DX','Distributed transaction entry lock',

'FI','SGA open-file information lock',

'FS','File set lock',

'HW','Space management operations on a specific segment lock',

'IN','Instance number lock',

'IR','Instance recovery serialization global enqueue lock',

'IS','Instance state lock',

'IV','Library cache invalidation instance lock',

'JQ','Job queue lock',

'KK','Thread kick lock',

'MB','Master buffer hash table instance lock',

'MM','Mount definition gloabal enqueue lock',

'MR','Media recovery lock',

'PF','Password file lock',

'PI','Parallel operation lock',

'PR','Process startup lock',

'PS','Parallel operation lock',

'RE','USE_ROW_ENQUEUE enforcement lock',

'RT','Redo thread global enqueue lock',

'RW','Row wait enqueue lock',

'SC','System commit number instance lock',

'SH','System commit number high water mark enqueue lock',

'SM','SMON lock',

'SN','Sequence number instance lock',

'SQ','Sequence number enqueue lock',

'SS','Sort segment lock',

'ST','Space transaction enqueue lock',

'SV','Sequence number value lock',

'TA','Generic enqueue lock',

'TD','DDL enqueue lock',

'TE','Extend-segment enqueue lock',

'TM','DML enqueue lock',

'TO','Temporary Table Object Enqueue',

'TT','Temporary table enqueue lock',

'TX','Transaction enqueue lock',

'UL','User supplied lock',

'UN','User name lock',

'US','Undo segment DDL lock',

'WL','Being-written redo log instance lock',

'WS','Write-atomic-log-switch global enqueue lock',

'TS',decode(l.id2,0,'Temporary segment enqueue lock (ID2=0)',

                    'New block allocation enqueue lock (ID2=1)'),

'LA','Library cache lock instance lock (A=namespace)',

'LB','Library cache lock instance lock (B=namespace)',

'LC','Library cache lock instance lock (C=namespace)',

'LD','Library cache lock instance lock (D=namespace)',

'LE','Library cache lock instance lock (E=namespace)',

'LF','Library cache lock instance lock (F=namespace)',

'LG','Library cache lock instance lock (G=namespace)',

'LH','Library cache lock instance lock (H=namespace)',

'LI','Library cache lock instance lock (I=namespace)',

'LJ','Library cache lock instance lock (J=namespace)',

'LK','Library cache lock instance lock (K=namespace)',

'LL','Library cache lock instance lock (L=namespace)',

'LM','Library cache lock instance lock (M=namespace)',

'LN','Library cache lock instance lock (N=namespace)',

'LO','Library cache lock instance lock (O=namespace)',

'LP','Library cache lock instance lock (P=namespace)',

'LS','Log start/log switch enqueue lock',

'PA','Library cache pin instance lock (A=namespace)',

'PB','Library cache pin instance lock (B=namespace)',

'PC','Library cache pin instance lock (C=namespace)',

'PD','Library cache pin instance lock (D=namespace)',

'PE','Library cache pin instance lock (E=namespace)',

'PF','Library cache pin instance lock (F=namespace)',

'PG','Library cache pin instance lock (G=namespace)',

'PH','Library cache pin instance lock (H=namespace)',

'PI','Library cache pin instance lock (I=namespace)',

'PJ','Library cache pin instance lock (J=namespace)',

'PL','Library cache pin instance lock (K=namespace)',

'PK','Library cache pin instance lock (L=namespace)',

'PM','Library cache pin instance lock (M=namespace)',

'PN','Library cache pin instance lock (N=namespace)',

'PO','Library cache pin instance lock (O=namespace)',

'PP','Library cache pin instance lock (P=namespace)',

'PQ','Library cache pin instance lock (Q=namespace)',

'PR','Library cache pin instance lock (R=namespace)',

'PS','Library cache pin instance lock (S=namespace)',

'PT','Library cache pin instance lock (T=namespace)',

'PU','Library cache pin instance lock (U=namespace)',

'PV','Library cache pin instance lock (V=namespace)',

'PW','Library cache pin instance lock (W=namespace)',

'PX','Library cache pin instance lock (X=namespace)',

'PY','Library cache pin instance lock (Y=namespace)',

'PZ','Library cache pin instance lock (Z=namespace)',

'QA','Row cache instance lock (A=cache)',

'QB','Row cache instance lock (B=cache)',

'QC','Row cache instance lock (C=cache)',

'QD','Row cache instance lock (D=cache)',

'QE','Row cache instance lock (E=cache)',

'QF','Row cache instance lock (F=cache)',

'QG','Row cache instance lock (G=cache)',

'QH','Row cache instance lock (H=cache)',

'QI','Row cache instance lock (I=cache)',

'QJ','Row cache instance lock (J=cache)',

'QL','Row cache instance lock (K=cache)',

'QK','Row cache instance lock (L=cache)',

'QM','Row cache instance lock (M=cache)',

'QN','Row cache instance lock (N=cache)',

'QO','Row cache instance lock (O=cache)',

'QP','Row cache instance lock (P=cache)',

'QQ','Row cache instance lock (Q=cache)',

'QR','Row cache instance lock (R=cache)',

'QS','Row cache instance lock (S=cache)',

'QT','Row cache instance lock (T=cache)',

'QU','Row cache instance lock (U=cache)',

'QV','Row cache instance lock (V=cache)',

'QW','Row cache instance lock (W=cache)',

'QX','Row cache instance lock (X=cache)',

'QY','Row cache instance lock (Y=cache)',

'QZ','Row cache instance lock (Z=cache)','????') Lockt,

 SQ.SQL_TEXT

from    V$LOCK L, 

        V$SESSION S,

        SYS.USER$ U1,

        SYS.OBJ$ T1,

        V$SQL SQ

where   L.SID = S.SID

and     S.SQL_ADDRESS = SQ.ADDRESS

and     T1.OBJ#  = decode(L.ID2,0,L.ID1,1) 

and     U1.USER# = T1.OWNER#

and     S.TYPE != 'BACKGROUND'

and l.type like '%JI%'

order by 1,2,5;

 

USERNAME

MACHINE

SERIAL#

SID

TERMINAL

TAB

COMMAND

LMODE

REQUEST

LADDR

LOCKT

SQL_TEXT

BIDATA

db.test.com

21,031

254

None

BIDATA.SESSION_LOG_DAY_

PL/SQL EXECUTE

NONE

Exclusive

640374-0

JI - ????

BEGIN DBMS_MVIEW.REFRESH ('WEB_SESSION_LOG_DAY_MV', 'f'); END;

BIDATA

db.test.com

10,143

7

pts/5

BIDATA.SESSION_LOG_DAY_

INSERT

Exclusive

NONE

640374-0

JI - ????

/* MV_REFRESH (INS) */INSERT /*+ BYPASS_RECURSIVE_CHECK */ INTO "BIDATA"."WEB_SESSION_LOG_DAY_MV"("IPX_DATE","CONSUMERMARKETID","CONSUMEROPERATORID","CONTENTPROVIDERID","SESSIONTYPE","WASWHITELABEL","FINALSTATE","ERRORCODE","BRANDNAME","MODELNAME","MOBILEBROWSER","MOBILEBROWSERVERSION","CONTENTPROVIDERSERVICEID","NUMTRANSACTIONS","CNT_NUMTX","COUNT(*)") SELECT "TDIM"."DAY_KEY","WSLMV"."CONSUMERMARKETID","WSLMV"."CONSUMEROPERATORID","WSLMV"."CONTENTPROVIDERID","WSLMV"."SESSIONTYPE","WSLMV"."WASWHITELABEL","WSLMV"."FINALSTATE","WSLMV"."ERRORCODE","WSLMV"."BRANDNAME","WSLMV"."MODELNAME","WSLMV"."MOBILEBROWSER","WSLMV"."MOBILEBROWSERVERSION","WSLMV"."CONTENTPROVIDERSERVICEID",SUM("WSLMV"."NUMTRANSACTIONS"),COUNT("WSLMV"."NUMTRANSACTIONS"),COUNT(*) FROM "WEB_SESSION_LOG_HOUR_MV" "WSLMV","TIME_DIMENSION" "TDIM" WHERE "WSLMV"."IPX_DATE"="TDIM"."DAY_KEY" GROUP BY "TDIM"."DAY_KEY","WSLMV"."CONSUMERMARKETID","WSLMV"."CONSUMEROPERATORID","WSLMV"."CONTENTPROVIDERID","WSLMV"."SESSIONTYPE","WSLMV"."

 

If the JI enqueue holder is an intended refresh session then the other session that trying to refresh it need to wait until first one finishes.  If the JI enqueuer holder session stuck for some reason then you may kill it so the second session can proceed.

Example:

SQL> alter system kill session '254,21031';

System altered.


Don’t refresh the same Mview object by many sessions at the same time.

 

For more information please check Oracle Doc ID 1358453.1

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